The spatial feature and use pattern of external space in Chongqing traditional urban settlement

Lin Chen, Kai Fang, Xinpeng Wang, Wenda Zhang, Guoqing Zhu, Zhehan Zhang*, Nobuaki Furuya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The importance of external space in residential areas is well-established in academic circles, and the spatial feature and use pattern have emerged as key aspects for relevant discussion. Research regarding the external space in urban settlements primarily involves relational holistic studies by western scholars and micro-observations by oriental scholars; both approaches have their own limitations. The research presented herein (i) studies external space as a physical space, categorizes the external space characteristics of Chongqing’s Shibanpo traditional settlements at three microscopic levels (i.e., upper elements, side elements, and bottom elements), (ii) conducts on-site observations of the use pattern of external space, and (iii) evaluates the interactions between spatial features and use patterns, as well as their joint effects on the development of the external space in the traditional urban settlement. The results indicate that various spatial elements can influence utilization behavior, and this relationship is discussed in detail to provide a foundation to guide future research and decision-making efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-138
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Spatial feature
  • external space
  • traditional urban settlement
  • use pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Cultural Studies
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'The spatial feature and use pattern of external space in Chongqing traditional urban settlement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this