Thermal responsiveness of fusible sprinkler and its actuation below a confined ceiling

Yuji Hasemi, Shinji Sako

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In order to improve the predictability of sprinkler response time for a confined ceiling, thermal properties of fusible sprinkler and environment of sprinklers below a confined ceiling during fire are discussed. A method of estimating the heat loss from a fusible link of the sprinkler fitting and the response of the link to external radiation is proposed. Measurements of temperature, velocity, radiation, and sprinkler response time below a ceiling are made in a 1 1.1m × 8.1m confined enclosure. The measured temperature and velocity are found to be close to previous theory for an unconfined ceiling if a correction for the existence of smoke layer is applied. Finally measured sprinkler response time is compared with calculation based on measured temperature, velocity and radiation history. The result shows the significance of radiation from the fire source in the determination of sprinkler response times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin of Japan Association for Fire Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1988 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • ceiling jets
  • heat loss
  • radiation
  • response time
  • sprinkler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • General Engineering


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