Thermodynamics and Optical Conductivity of a Dissipative Carrier in a Tight Binding Model

Takeo Kato*, Masatoshi Imada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Thermodynamics and transport properties of a dissipative particle in a tight-binding model are studied through specific heat and optical conductivity. A weak coupling theory is constituted to study the crossover behavior between the low-temperature region and the high-temperature region analytically. We found that coherent part around zero frequency in the optical conductivity disappears for 0 < s < 2, where s is an exponent of a spectral function of the environment. Detailed calculation is performed for ohmic damping (s = 1). In this case, the specific heat shows an unusual T-linear behavior at low temperatures, which indicates that the environment strongly influences the particle motion, and changes the low-energy states of the dissipative particle. The optical conductivity σ(ω) takes a non-Drude form even at zero temperature, and the high-frequency side behaves as ω2K-2, where K is a dimensionless damping strength. The high frequency side of the optical conductivity is independent of temperatures, while the low frequency side depends on the temperature, and behaves as T2K-2 at high temperatures. We also comment on the application of this model to the description, of incoherent motion in correlated electron systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2828-2846
Number of pages19
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Coherence
  • Dissipation
  • Incoherence
  • Kubo formula
  • Ohmic damping
  • Optical conductivity
  • Specific heat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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