Three-dimensional image analysis of a head of the giant panda by the cone-beam type CT

Hideki Endo*, Teruyuki Komiya, Etsuo Narushima, Naoki Suzuki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The cone-beam type CT (Computed Tomography) enabled us to collect the three-dimensional (3D) digitalized data directly from the animal carcass. In this study, we applied the techniques of the cone-beam type CT for a carcass head of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) to obtain the 3D images easily without reconstruction process, and could morphologically examine the sections from the 3D data by means of non-destructive observations. The important results of the study represent the two following points. 1) We could show the morphological relationships between the muscles of mastication and the mandible in non-destructive status from the 3D data. The exact position of the coronoid process could be recognized in the rostro-lateral space of the temporal fossa. 2) By the serial sections from the 3D data sets, the morphological characteristics in the nasal cavity were detailed with high resolution in this rare species. The nasal concha was well-developed in the nasal cavity. The ethmoidal labyrinth was encountered immediately caudal to the nasal cavity and close to the region of the olfactory bulb. The ethmoidal labyrinth consisted of the complicated osseous structure in this area. The data will be useful to discuss the olfactory function in the reproduction behavior of this species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1153-1155
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • CT
  • Giant panda
  • Nasal cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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