Tree and loop as moments for measurement

Yukio Pegio Gunji*, Shin Ichi Toyoda, Masao Migita

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Biologically motivated computing presents us with a measurement process in science. It triggers an epistemological shift from state-oriented physics to measurement-oriented physics, in which we can find a parallelism with Wittgenstein's shift from rule following to a language game. We argue here that an approximation or computing process can be viewed as a language game and propose an idea of proto-computing which is metaphorically formalized through disequilibration between tree- and loop-program, as a model for measurement-oriented computing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Biocomputing
  • Measurement
  • Paradox
  • Wittgenstein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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