Tsunami awareness: a comparative assessment between Japan and the USA

Miguel Esteban*, Jeremy Bricker, Ricardo San Carlos Arce, Hiroshi Takagi, Namyi Y. Yun, Warathida Chaiyapa, Alexander Sjoegren, Tomoya Shibayama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Awareness about the threats posed by different types of coastal disasters has increased throughout the world, as people are exposed to the nature of these hazards through media reports on events in distant countries. This has resulted in coastal residents being aware about the destructive power of tsunamis, despite no such events having taken place in their country in recent times. Regardless of this increased awareness, it has been hypothesized that there is still need for local governments to enact adequate policies to raise the awareness of local residents, for example, by holding regular evacuation drills. The present research presents a comparative assessment of tsunami awareness in two tourist destinations in Japan and the USA, which was derived through structured questionnaire surveys of beach users in the city of Kamakura and various coastal cities in Florida. The results show how despite relatively high level of awareness tsunamis still pose a considerable risk to each of the communities, for example, due to shortcoming in evacuation knowledge and infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1507-1528
Number of pages22
JournalNatural Hazards
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 1


  • Awareness
  • Japan
  • Natural hazards
  • Tsunami
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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