Two-loop power-flow control of grid-connected microgrid based on equivalent-input-disturbance approach

Min Ding, Jinhua She, Ryuichi Yokoyama, Min Wu, Weihua Cao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study employed the equivalent-input-disturbance (EID) approach to devise a two-loop power-flow control system that controls the output current of an inverter so as to regulate the flow of active and reactive power between a distributed generation unit and a utility grid. It actively eliminates disturbances that degrade the power quality of a microgrid. The pq theory and an all-pass filter are employed to generate an instantaneous reference current for the control system based on the prescribed active and reactive power of a utility grid terminal. The inner loop consists of a disturbance compensator and a state observer. The disturbance compensator uses information acquired from the state observer to estimate disturbances, such as drops and harmonics in the grid voltage, and compensates for them by incorporating the equivalent input disturbance into the control law. The outer loop consists of a resonance-based internal model and a state-feedback controller, which enables the output current of inverter to track the instantaneous reference current. The small-gain theorem ensures the stability of the system. The system improves the power quality and guarantees that the flow of active and reactive power from the grid and inverter has low harmonic distortion. Simulations demonstrated the effectiveness of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-43
Number of pages8
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1


  • Distributed generation
  • Equivalent input disturbance
  • Grid-connected microgrid
  • Power-flow control
  • Pq theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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