Unique Crystal Structure of Ca2RuO4 in the Current Stabilized Semimetallic State

J. Bertinshaw, N. Gurung, P. Jorba, H. Liu, M. Schmid, D. T. Mantadakis, M. Daghofer, M. Krautloher, A. Jain, G. H. Ryu, O. Fabelo, P. Hansmann, G. Khaliullin, C. Pfleiderer, B. Keimer, B. J. Kim

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31 Citations (Scopus)


The electric-current stabilized semimetallic state in the quasi-two-dimensional Mott insulator Ca2RuO4 exhibits an exceptionally strong diamagnetism. Through a comprehensive study using neutron and x-ray diffraction, we show that this nonequilibrium phase assumes a crystal structure distinct from those of equilibrium metallic phases realized in the ruthenates by chemical doping, high pressure, and epitaxial strain, which in turn leads to a distinct electronic band structure. Dynamical mean field theory calculations based on the crystallographically refined atomic coordinates and realistic Coulomb repulsion parameters indicate a semimetallic state with partially gapped Fermi surface. Our neutron diffraction data show that the nonequilibrium behavior is homogeneous, with antiferromagnetic long-range order completely suppressed. These results provide a new basis for theoretical work on the origin of the unusual nonequilibrium diamagnetism in Ca2RuO4.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137204
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 27
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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