Utilization of multiphase fluxes for the dephosphorization of hot metal

Kimihisa Ito*, Masahiro Terasawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Although steelmaking slags have been usually treated and studied as homogeneous liquids, they are actually mixtures of a liquid and solids in practical processes. CaO-based refining flux that does not contain fluxing agents such as CaF2 inevitably forms a heterogeneous slag in normal cases, and hence, it is defined as a "multiphase flux." Efficient utilization of this type of flux would decrease the consumption of resources and the emission of CO2, and thus, would reduce the load on the environment. Metallurgical studies on multiphase fluxes are limited, however, the physical chemistry and reaction kinetics of the same are important for the development of advanced refining processes. The reaction mechanism of dephosphorization using a multiphase flux at hot metal temperatures was investigated in this study. The reaction of a P2O5- containing slag with solid CaO was studied by immersing a CaO disc in the slag. A CaO-FeO layer was formed near the interface, and a solid solution of Ca 2SiO4-Ca3P2O8 was observed in this layer. The Fe-P-Si alloy reacted with calcium ferrites at 1673 K, and the samples were analysed by XMA. The same solid solution (Ca 2SiO4-Ca3P2O8) was observed near the slag-metal interface, which suggests that the phosphorus removed from the metal gets concentrated in the solid phase. The experimental results were reproduced with a kinetic simulation model. The simulation program was also applied to the reaction of the CaO-FeO droplet in a hot-metal bath.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-736
Number of pages4
JournalSteel Research International
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1


  • Dephosphorization
  • Hot metal
  • Multi-phase flux
  • Slag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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