Variations in water resources in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta in response to climate change and their impacts on rice production

Nguyen Duy Khang, Akihiko Kotera, Toshichika Iizumi, Toshihiro Sakamoto, Masayuki Yokozawa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical hydraulic model was developed and used to investigate the spread of salinity intrusion and the propagation of flooding in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta under two proposed scenarios: "baseline" (2000s) and "future" (2090s). The baseline scenario was based on observed hydrological and salinity intrusion data from 1998 to 2006. The changes in upstream flow discharge in the future scenario (increased for most of the year) were derived from previous research results obtained using the Japan Meteorological Agency atmospheric general circulation model output for the IPCC SRES A1B scenario. The sea level rise in the A1B scenario (a projected 53-cm increase) was also included in the future scenario. The resulting salinity intrusion and flood water levels were then used to roughly estimate possible rice cropping durations. We found that large adverse changes in duration of rice cultivation in the future scenario were caused mainly by floods with greater peaks, larger areal extents, and longer durations. The area potentially suitable for growing triple rice crops decreased from 31% of the total delta area currently to 5%, whereas that potentially suitable for a single rice crop increased from 21% currently to 62%. Using GIS techniques, we divided the delta into three areas with different levels of rice vulnerability levels. Areas of high and medium vulnerability covered approximately 31 and 36% of the total delta area, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
Journaljournal of agricultural meteorology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Climate change impacts
  • Flooding
  • Rice cultivation
  • Salinity intrusion
  • Vietnamese Mekong Delta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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