Void Fraction Distribution in BWR Fuel Assembly and Evaluation of Subchannel Code

Akira Inoue, Tatsuo Kurosu, Toshimasa Aoki, Makoto Yagi, Toru Mitsutake, Shinichi Morooka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Void fraction measurement tests for BWR fuel assemblies have been conducted as part of a Japanese national project. The aim was to verify the current BWR void fraction prediction method. Void fraction was measured using an X-ray CT scanner. This paper describes typical results of void fraction distribution measurements and compares subchannel-averaged void fraction data with current subchannel analysis codes. The subchannel analysis codes COBRA/BWR and THERMIT-2 were used in this comparison. The agreement between data for an actual BWR fuel assembly with two unheated rods was good, but in the case of many unheated rods, the codes were unable to predict well large void fraction gradient in the radial direction observed in the measured data over the unheated rod region. The prediction errors of COBRA/BWR and THERMIT-2 for the subchannel-averaged void fraction were ¼A¾ (average of difference between measurement and calculation)=-1.1%, σ (standard deviation)=5.3% and ¼A¾=-2.2%, σ= 6.3%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-640
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • accuracy
  • BWR type reactors
  • comparative analysis
  • experimental data
  • fuel assemblies
  • subchannel analysis code
  • two-phase flow
  • void fraction
  • X-ray CT scanner

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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