Vortices and Quantum Tunneling in Current-Biased 0-π-0 Josephson Junctions of d-Wave Superconductors

Takeo Kato*, Masatoshi Imada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


We study a current-biased 0-π-0 Josephson junction made by high-Tc superconductors, theoretically. When a length of the π junction is large enough, this junction contains a vortex-antivortex pair of both ends of the π junction. Magnetic flux carried by the vortices is calculated using the sine-Gordon equation. The result shows that the magnetic flux of the vortices is suppresed to zero as the distance between the vortices is reduced. By applying an external current, the orientation of the vortices is reversed, and a voltage pulse is generated. The current needed for this transition and generated pulse energy are calculated. Macroscopic quantum tunneling (MQT) in this transition is also studied. The tunneling rate has been evaluated by an effective Hamiltonian with one degree of freedom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445-1449
Number of pages5
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1997 May
Externally publishedYes


  • Half vortex
  • High-T superconductor
  • Macroscopic quantum tunneling
  • Sine-Gordon equation
  • π junction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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