'What was all this except the lesson of life?': Browning's Fifine at the Fair and Shelley

Rieko Suzuki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This essay argues that Browning's 'most metaphysical and boldest' poem after Sordello, Fifine at the Fair, is also a poem in which Percy Shelley's influence can be detected. I have argued elsewhere for the influence of Shelley on Browning in Sordello and Browning returned to address issues that Shelley raised in 'The Triumph of Life' in Fifine. Although it is often thought that Browning moved away from Shelley after discovering the Harriet letters, I argue that he worked out his attitude towards Shelley in Fifine through the concepts of 'falsehood' and 'truth'. As for his engagement with Romanticism, Browning criticizes the condescending attitude that the speaker-narrator takes in 'The Triumph' towards the people to embrace humanity in its flawed state. He also engages with the moral dilemma that was central to 'The Triumph' by working out the protagonist's relationship with two female figures - Elvire and Fifine. As a result, the essay concludes that Fifine can be seen as a direct response to Shelley's 'The Triumph'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalKeats-Shelley Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Dream-vision
  • Harriet letters
  • Jane williams
  • Mary shelley
  • Masquerade
  • Pageant
  • Romanticism
  • William Godwin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory


Dive into the research topics of ''What was all this except the lesson of life?': Browning's Fifine at the Fair and Shelley'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this