This paper describes a 64-bit two-stage carry look ahead adder utilizing pass transistor BiCMOS gate. The new pass transistor BiCMOS gate has a smaller intrinsic delay time than conventional BiCMOS gates. Furthermore, this gate has a rail-to-rail output voltage. Therefore the next gate does not have a large degradation of its driving capability. The exclusive OR and NOR gate using the pass transistor BiCMOS gate shows a speed advantage over CMOS gates under a wide variance in load capacitance. The pass transistor BiCMOS gates were applied to full adders, carry path circuits, and carry select circuits. In consequence, a 64-bit two-stage carry look ahead adder was fabricated using a 0.5 μm BiCMOS process with single-polysilicon and double-metal interconnections. A critical path delay time of 3.5 ns was observed at a supply voltage of 3.3 V. This is 25% better than the result of the adder circuit using CMOS technology. Even at the supply voltage of 2.0 V, this adder is faster than the CMOS adder.
ASJC Scopus subject areas