To examine the relationship between change in functional fitness with aging and daily life habits in community-dwelling elderly over 6 years, longitudinal data were obtained for 115 persons aged 60 years or over, who were independently living in the community. Functional fitness was measured with Meiji functional fitness test containing 4 task items: standing, walking, hand performance, and self-care performance. Every performance of the test item was significantly decreased during 6 years in both male and female. Multivariate analysis of variance on the association with daily life habits showed that men who had frequent participation in local senior club activities showed significantly less decrease in functional fitness than their counterparts. However, men who had frequent daily shopping activities showed significantly more decrease in the fitness level than their counterparts. No significant association was observed in female. These findings suggest that decrease in functional fitness with aging in community-dwelling elderly was positively associated with frequent participation in local senior club activities in male, but no association with any of the daily life habits in female.
|Bulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute
|Published - 2000
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