Object detection is a fundamental challenge facing intelligent applications. Image processing is a promising approach to this end, but its computational cost is often a significant problem. This paper presents schemes for accelerating the deformable part models (DPM) on graphics processing units (GPUs). DPM is a well-known algorithm for image-based object detection, and it achieves high detection rates at the expense of computational cost. GPUs are massively parallel compute devices designed to accelerate data-parallel compute-intensive workload. According to an analysis of execution times, approximately 98 percent of DPM code exhibits loop processing, which means that DPM could be highly parallelized by GPUs. In this paper, we implement DPM on the GPU by exploiting multiple parallelization schemes. Results of an experimental evaluation of this GPU-accelerated DPM implementation demonstrate that the best scheme of GPU implementations using an NVIDIA GPU achieves a speed up of 8.6x over a naive CPU-based implementation.
|IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
|Published - 2016 6月 1
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