Activation of the ASTRO-E hard X-ray detector in low earth orbit

M. Kokubun*, Y. Fukazawa, E. Idesawa, J. Kataoka, T. Kamae, K. Matsuzaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Saito, T. Takahashi, K. Takizawa, M. Tashiro, T. Tamura, A. Yoshida


研究成果: Article査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)


ASTRO-E Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) is characterized by well-type phoswich counters[1] in a compound-eye configuration which reduce the detector background to lower level than any other past hard X-ray mission. When operating in Low Earth Orbit, the expected background of the HXD is an order of 10 -5 counts/s/kcV/cm 2, mainly caused from the radioactivity induced within the detector materials by geomagnetically trapped protons. Results are presented from measurements of induced radioactivity in two phoswich scintillators, GSO (Gd 2SiO 5:Ce 0.5% mol) and BGO (Bi 4Ge 3O 12), irradiated by mono-energetic protons at an accelerator facility. Radiation transport computer codes are used to build the detector response functions for emissions from decays of spallation products. Based on the comparison between experimental and simulation results, the activation background level of HXD in the orbit is estimated.

ジャーナルIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
3 PART 1
出版ステータスPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学
  • 電子工学および電気工学


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