TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of preview information to pointing control of truss structure using artificial thermal expansion on orbit

AU - Funakoshi, Yusuke

AU - Ishimura, Kosei

AU - Ogi, Yoshiro

AU - Iwasa, Takashi

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2014.

PY - 2015/4/27

Y1 - 2015/4/27

N2 - The pointing performance of a truss structure on orbit that is used for a large space telescope is discussed. To achieve advanced science missions, large and precise support structures such as truss structures are needed. However, the preciseness of the structure might be lost due to various disturbances on orbit. Therefore, to realize ultra-large and precise support structures, active shape control of the structures is needed. To control the shape, we use artificial thermal expansion caused by heaters instead of mechanical actuators. Control systems without mechanical mechanisms have high reliability, which is very attractive for use on orbit. However, there are some constraints regarding the usage of heaters. The control input is restricted to positive inputs because heaters can give off heat but cannot dissipate heat actively, and there will be upper limits on the heat input. To improve the control performance under such constraints, we apply "model predictive control" as a feedforward control method with preview information. In this article, we mainly show the effectiveness of model predictive control compared with proportional-integral control, which is one of the typical feedback control methods. We developed a structural mathematical model and a thermal mathematical model in order to evaluate the performance of the control system. It is confirmed through numerical simulations that the total error is reduced by model predictive control compared with proportional-integral control.

AB - The pointing performance of a truss structure on orbit that is used for a large space telescope is discussed. To achieve advanced science missions, large and precise support structures such as truss structures are needed. However, the preciseness of the structure might be lost due to various disturbances on orbit. Therefore, to realize ultra-large and precise support structures, active shape control of the structures is needed. To control the shape, we use artificial thermal expansion caused by heaters instead of mechanical actuators. Control systems without mechanical mechanisms have high reliability, which is very attractive for use on orbit. However, there are some constraints regarding the usage of heaters. The control input is restricted to positive inputs because heaters can give off heat but cannot dissipate heat actively, and there will be upper limits on the heat input. To improve the control performance under such constraints, we apply "model predictive control" as a feedforward control method with preview information. In this article, we mainly show the effectiveness of model predictive control compared with proportional-integral control, which is one of the typical feedback control methods. We developed a structural mathematical model and a thermal mathematical model in order to evaluate the performance of the control system. It is confirmed through numerical simulations that the total error is reduced by model predictive control compared with proportional-integral control.

KW - Pointing control

KW - large space telescope

KW - model predictive control

KW - preview information

KW - thermal expansion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988290565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84988290565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1045389X14560360

DO - 10.1177/1045389X14560360

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84988290565

SN - 1045-389X

VL - 26

SP - 730

EP - 739

JO - Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures

JF - Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures

IS - 6

ER -