Assessing areas suitable for offshore wind energy considering potential risk to breeding seabirds in northern Japan

Hideaki Obane*, Kentaro Kazama, Hiroshi Hashimoto, Yu Nagai, Kenji Asano

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Offshore wind energy is expected to play a major role in realizing carbon neutrality. However, the installation of offshore wind turbines is of concern for breeding seabirds. Identifying areas with low potential risk for breeding seabirds in Japan is urgently needed. This study identified technically and legally potential areas for wind energy development that are suitable for breeding seabirds by integrating risk assessment models through a spatial approach using Geographic Information System (GIS). While many studies and the government have assessed the potential areas for offshore wind energy in northern Japan, this study shows that most of these legally potential areas overlap with major concern areas for breeding seabirds. Currently, Japanese rules do not sufficiently consider the risk to seabirds when zoning areas for installing offshore wind energy system. The results imply that the risk to breeding seabirds should be carefully examined when zoning areas for local offshore wind energy installations. The approach developed in this study is expected to aid in clearly identifying areas suitable for the installation of offshore wind turbines and minimize the impacts on breeding seabirds. It provides a balance between the expansion of offshore wind energy and conservation biology.

本文言語English
論文番号105982
ジャーナルMarine Policy
160
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 2月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 水圏科学
  • 環境科学一般
  • 経済学、計量経済学
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律
  • 法学

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