Bidirectional shaking table tests of a low-cost friction sliding system with flat-inclined surfaces

Miguel B. Brito, Mitsuyoshi Akiyama*, Yoshitaka Ichikawa, Hiroki Yamaguchi, Riki Honda, Naomitsu Ishigaki


研究成果: Article査読

16 被引用数 (Scopus)


A novel low-cost friction sliding system for bidirectional excitation is developed to improve the seismic performance of reinforced concrete (RC) bridge piers. The sliding system is a spherical prototype developed by combining a central flat surface with an inclined spherical segment, characterized by stable oscillation and a large reduction in response accelerations on the flat surface. The inclined part provides a restoring force that limits the residual displacements of the system. Conventional steel and concrete are employed to construct a flat-inclined spherical surface atop an RC pier. The seismic forces are dissipated through the frictions generated during the sliding movements; hence, the seismic resilience of bridges can be ensured with a low-cost design solution. The proposed system is fabricated utilizing a mold created by a three-dimensional printer, which facilitates the use of conventional concrete to construct spherical shapes. The concrete surface is lubricated with a resin material to prevent abrasion from multiple input ground motions. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the system, bidirectional shaking table tests are conducted in the longitudinal and transverse directions of a scaled bridge model. The effect of the inclination angle and the flat surface size is investigated. The results demonstrate a large decrease in response acceleration when the system exhibits circular sliding displacement. Furthermore, the inclination angle that generates the smallest residual displacement is identified experimentally.

ジャーナルEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 7月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地盤工学および土木地質学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 土木構造工学


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