Charge separation and transport behavior were investigated at an organic heterolayered interface consisting of a 4, 4′, 4″ -tris[3-methylphenyl(phenyl)amino] triphenylamine (m-MTDATA) organic donor and a hexadecafluoro-copper-phthalocyanine (F16 CuPc) organic acceptor. A two-dimensional charge sheet of electron-hole pairs was induced due to the formation of charge-transfer complexes at the heterointerface. The induced charges could be separated by application of an electric field perpendicular to the heterointerface. The charge-separation behavior was independent of the work function of the contact electrodes but was strongly dependent on the energy-level alignment between the highest occupied molecular orbital of the donor molecules and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the acceptor molecules. This enabled the preparation of an organic light-emitting diode without injecting holes from the anode. The charge-transport behavior along the heterointerface was also investigated by fabricating laterally arranged contact electrodes. The F16 CuPc /m-MTDATA heterointerface exhibited high conductivity of 0.001 S/cm, which is seven orders of magnitude higher than that of a single-layer F16CuPc or m-MTDATA film. In situ electrical measurements during formation of the heterointerface enabled the effective thickness of the charge sheet to be determined as being accumulated within 2-3 nm, which corresponds to the bilayer of both F16 CuPc and m-MTDATA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas