Nowadays, the advances in materials science have created the possibility of using nanomaterials as adsorbents in environmental technologies. This study is focused on the evaluation of C-HAp powders capacity in lead ions removal from contaminated solutions. The C-HAp powders after removal of lead (Pb2+) ions from contaminated water were characterized by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The presence of lead in the hydroxyapatite powders after removal experiments was observed in the XPS general spectrum and also in the EDX spectra. In addition, the AAS studies revealed that the C-HAp powders possess a high affinity towards lead ions with an effective removal rate of 80% for an initial lead concentration of 20 mg·L-1.