Based on research in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, this article argues that the globally popular reform of school-based management suffers from several shortcomings and is a partial, extractive, and technocratic means of engendering parental and community participation. Ultimately, this article demonstrates that it is necessary to move beyond SBM as a technocratic reform if community participation is to contribute as well to community empowerment. More specifically, the article emphasises, first, the need to combine parental involvement with adult education, community organising, and social justice leadership (SJL). Second, the article argues that the last of these (i.e. SJL) is crucial to enabling the first three. Third, this article suggests that a combination of these four things–SJL, parental involvement, adult education, community organising–can contribute to the foundations of community empowerment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas