Comparison of the calculated and experimental scenarios for solid-state reactions involving Ca(AlH4)2

Nobuko Hanada*, Wiebke Lohstroh, Maximilian Fichtner


研究成果: Article査読

13 被引用数 (Scopus)


Solid-state reactions of Ca(AlH4)2 and various additives were investigated experimentally for hydrogen desorption. The Ca(AlH4)2 + Si, Ca(AlH4)2 + 2MgH2, Ca(AlH4)2 + 2LiH, and Ca(AlH 4)2 + 2LiNH2 systems were chosen among reactions proposed theoretically1 to study their hydrogen storage capacity and an appropriate reaction enthalpy. For all systems investigated, the reversible reactions proposed should have more than 6.5 mass % hydrogen capacity and reaction enthalpies in the range of 30-55 kJ/mol H2. However, most of the experimentally observed reactions do not conform to theoretical propositions because different final products were obtained in all cases but one. Two tendencies were observed in the experiments. One is that the reaction comprises several distinct steps at different temperatures as observed in the Ca(AlH4)2 + Si and Ca(AlH4)2 + 2 MgH2 systems. In this case, Ca(AlH4)2 decomposes first and is followed by a reaction of the remaining compounds. The same kinetic reaction barriers are encountered here as in pure Ca(AlH 4)2. Second, LiH and LiNH2 additions yield exothermic reactions of Ca(AlH4)2 and the other reactant as early as in the ball milling or annealing steps, leading to final products not considered in the reactions calculated.

ジャーナルJournal of Physical Chemistry C
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 1月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • エネルギー一般
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜


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