Animated agents that act and speak as attendants to guests on shopping web sites are becoming increasingly popular. Inspired by this development, we propose a new method of presentation using a humanoid robot. Humanoid presentations are effective in a real environment because they can move and look around at the audience similar to a human presenter. We developed a simple script language for multimodal presentations by a humanoid robot called MPML-HR, which is a descendant of the Multimodal Presentation Markup Language (MPML) originally developed for animated agents. MPML-HR allows many non-specialists to easily write multimodal presentations for a humanoid robot. We further evaluated humanoid robots' presentation ability using MPML-HR to find the difference in audience impressions between the humanoid robot and the animated agent. Psychological evaluation was conducted to compare the impressions of a humanoid robot's presentation with an animated agent's presentation. Using the Semantic Differential (SD) method and direct questioning, we measured the difference in audience impressions between an animated agent and a humanoid robot.
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