Direct Detection by in Situ PCR of the amoA Gene in Biofilm Resulting from a Nitrogen Removal Process

Tatsuhiko Hoshino, Naohiro Noda, Satoshi Tsuneda*, Akira Hirata, Yuhei Inamori


研究成果: Article査読

52 被引用数 (Scopus)


Ammonia oxidation is a rate-limiting step in the biological removal of nitrogen from wastewater. Analysis of microbial communities possessing the amoA gene, which is a small subunit of the gene encoding ammonia monooxygenase, is important for controlling nitrogen removal. In this study, the amoA gene present in Nitrosomonas europaea cells in a pure culture and biofilms in a nitrifying reactor was amplified by in situ PCR. In this procedure, fixed cells were permeabilized with lysozyme and subjected to seminested PCR with a digoxigenin-labeled primer. Then, the amplicon was detected with an alkaline phosphatase-labeled antidigoxigenin antibody and HNPP (2-hydroxy-3-naphthoic acid-2′-phenylanilide phosphate), which was combined with Fast Red TR, and with an Alexa Fluor 488-labeled antidigoxigenin antibody. The amoA gene in the biofilms was detected with an unavoidable nonspecific signal when the former method was used for detection. On the other hand, the amoA gene in the biofilms was detected without a nonspecific signal, and the cells possessing the amoA gene were clearly observed near the surface of the biofilm when Alexa Fluor 488-labeled antidigoxigenin antibody was used for detection. Although functional gene expression was not detected in this study, detection of cells in a biofilm based on their function was demonstrated.

ジャーナルApplied and Environmental Microbiology
出版ステータスPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 応用微生物学とバイオテクノロジー
  • 食品科学
  • バイオテクノロジー
  • 生態学


「Direct Detection by in Situ PCR of the amoA Gene in Biofilm Resulting from a Nitrogen Removal Process」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。