Epigenetic and “redoxogenetic” adaptation to physical exercise

Zsolt Radak*, Lang Pan, Lei Zhou, Soroosh Mozaffaritabar, Yaodong Gu, Ricardo A. Pinho, Xu Zheng, Xueqing Ba, Istvan Boldogh

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Review article査読

抄録

Exercise-induced adaptation is achieved by altering the epigenetic landscape of the entire genome leading to the expression of genes involved in various processes including regulatory, metabolic, adaptive, immune, and myogenic functions. Clinical and experimental data suggest that the methylation pattern/levels of promoter/enhancer is not linearly correlated with gene expression and proteome levels during physical activity implying a level of complexity and interplay with other regulatory modulators. It has been shown that a higher level of physical fitness is associated with a slower DNA methylation-based aging clock. There is strong evidence supporting exercise-induced ROS being a key regulatory mediator through overlapping events, both as signaling entities and through oxidative modifications to various protein mediators and DNA molecules. ROS generated by physical activity shapes epigenome both directly and indirectly, a complexity we are beginning to unravel within the epigenetic arrangement. Oxidative modification of guanine to 8-oxoguanine is a non-genotoxic alteration, does not distort DNA helix and serves as an epigenetic-like mark. The reader and eraser of oxidized guanine is the 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1, contributing to changes in gene expression. In fact, it can modulate methylation patterns of promoters/enhancers consequently leading to multiple phenotypic changes. Here, we provide evidence and discuss the potential roles of exercise-induced ROS in altering cytosine methylation patterns during muscle adaptation processes.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)65-74
ページ数10
ジャーナルFree Radical Biology and Medicine
210
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 1月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 生理学(医学)

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