This paper proposes a method to determine an optimal radial-loop configuration to minimize power loss in a distribution network with photovoltaic (PV) systems and evaluates the effectiveness of this configuration. Due to the disaggregation of transmission and distribution in a deregulated power system, stable and efficient operations in terms of voltage regulation and power loss reduction utilizing existing equipment is becoming more important for distribution system operators (DSOs). Japanese DSOs operate distribution networks in a radial configuration while supplying power to customers with high reliability. One method to reduce further power loss is to upgrade the network topology to a radial-loop configuration, which achieves partial loop structures by closing the tie-switches of the radial configuration. To implement a radial-loop configuration, DSOs must first evaluate the reliability, as a loop configuration can cause a feeder circuit breaker (FCB) malfunction and an expansion of the nonsupplied area during fault conditions. However, the impact of a radial-loop configuration on reliability and effectiveness has not been verified. Therefore, this paper proposes a method to determine an optimal radial-loop configuration that minimizes active power loss and maintains high reliability. In a numerical simulation, the reliability of radial-loop configurations is verified, and the effectiveness of the configuration is analyzed in terms of active power loss and voltage regulation under several PV system penetration conditions. A 6.6 kV distribution network consisting of 6 feeders and 11 tie-switches is modeled based on an existing Japanese distribution network and used for numerical simulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ サイエンス（全般）