A high-pressure spark plasma sintering (SPS) process was applied for consolidating Y2O3–MgO nanocomposites. This approach enabled to fabricate a fully dense infrared (IR) transparent nanocomposites, which possess an average grain size of ∼70 nm and high hardness, at a relatively low sintering temperature of 1130 °C under a high pressure of 300 MPa. The light transmittance was improved with increasing pressure and reached to the maximum transmittance of 64.5% at a wavelength of 0.2–1.6 μm owing to the fine-grained microstructure. The Vickers hardness exhibited 16.6 ± 0.7 GPa for the grain size of 74 nm, which is significantly higher than that of the sub-micro grains obtained at a conventional sintering pressure of 70 MPa (11.9 ± 0.8 GPa). The hardness rigorously followed the Hall–Petch relationship, that is, it is enhanced with a reduction of the grain size. Successful fabrication of the high-performance Y2O3–MgO nanocomposites indicates that the nanopowder processing followed by the high-pressure sintering process can be applied for fabricating fully dense fine-grained nanocomposites with excellent optical and mechanical properties.
|Journal of the European Ceramic Society
|Published - 2020 10月
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