Neural transection of the dorsal extrahypothalamic descending afferents by means of an L-shaped Halász knife at the anterior commissure (anterior roof deafferentation, ARD) markedly potentiated the display of lordosis and soliciting behaviors. Bilateral lesions of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) attenuated lordotic activity in the ARD sham females but not in the ARD females. In contrast, the lesions in the pontine central gray concurrently with ARD effectively inhibited the display of lordosis but not soliciting behaviors. These results suggest that the VMH may not be a primary focus of the dorsal extrahypothalamic inhibitory influence on lordosis. The influence of this inhibitory system seems to be dominant in regulating the expression of lordosis behavior, compared to that of the hypothalamic lordosis facilitating system. Furthermore, the dorsal extrahypothalamic inbibitory influence which could be removed by ARD must be modified by the neural mechanism in the lower brain stem in which the pontine central gray may be actively involved.
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