Geometrically constrained independent component analysis

Mirko Knaak*, Shoko Araki, Shoji Makino


研究成果: Article査読

36 被引用数 (Scopus)


Acoustical signals are often corrupted by other speeches, sources, and background noise. This makes it necessary to use some form of preprocessing so that signal processing systems such as a speech recognizer or machine diagnosis can be effectively employed. In this contribution, we introduce and evaluate a new algorithm that uses independent component analysis (ICA) with a geometrical constraint [constrained ICA (CICA)]. It is based on the fundamental similarity between an adaptive beamformer and blind source separation with ICA, and does not suffer the permutation problem of ICA-algorithms. Unlike conventional ICA algorithms, CICA needs prior knowledge about the rough direction of the target signal. However, it is more robust against an erroneous estimation of the target direction than adaptive beamformers: CICA converges to the right solution as long as its look direction is closer to the target signal than to the jammer signal. A high degree of robustness is very important since the geometrical prior of an adaptive beamformer is always roughly estimated in a reverberant environment, even when the look direction is precise. The effectiveness and robustness of the new algorithms is proven theoretically, and shown experimentally for three sources and three microphones with several sets of real-world data.

ジャーナルIEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 2月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 音響学および超音波学
  • 電子工学および電気工学


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