High spin polarization and spin splitting in equiatomic quaternary CoFeCrAl Heusler alloy

Lakhan Bainsla, A. I. Mallick, A. A. Coelho, A. K. Nigam, B. S.D.Ch S. Varaprasad, Y. K. Takahashi, Aftab Alam, K. G. Suresh*, K. Hono


研究成果: Article査読

66 被引用数 (Scopus)


In this paper, we investigate CoFeCrAl alloy by means of ab-initio electronic structure calculations and various experimental techniques. The alloy is found to exist in the B2-type cubic Heusler structure, which is very similar to Y-type (or LiMgPdSn prototype) structure with space group F-43m (#216). Saturation magnetization (MS) of about 2 μB/f.u. is observed at 8 K under ambient pressure, which is in good agreement with the Slater-Pauling rule. MS values are found to be independent of pressure, which is a prerequisite for half-metals. The ab-initio electronic structure calculations predict half-metallicity for the alloy with a spin slitting energy of 0.31 eV. Importantly, this system shows a high current spin polarization value of 0.67±0.02, as deduced from the point contact Andreev reflection measurements. Linear dependence of electrical resistivity with temperature indicates the possibility of reasonably high spin polarization at elevated temperatures (∼150 K) as well. All these suggest that CoFeCrAl is a promising material for the spintronic devices.

ジャーナルJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 6月 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学


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