Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is the most potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis in age-related macular degeneration and tumors. However, the molecular mechanism of the anti-angiogenic activity of PEDF is poorly understood. PEDF interacts with the extracellular matrix (ECM) in vitro. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of the motif for ECM interaction in the anti-angiogenic activity of PEDF. The growth rates of HeLa cells in culture were not affected by transfection of PEDF, indicating that PEDF did not suppress tumor cell growth directly. In tumor xenografts, the overexpression of wild-type PEDF significantly suppressed tumor growth, whereas a mutant of the collagen I-binding site of PEDF (Col-mut PEDF) did not inhibit tumor growth. A mutant of the heparin-binding site of PEDF (Hep-mut PEDF) suppressed tumor growth. Histological analysis showed that the density and area of microvasculatures in either PEDF or Hep-mut PEDF were suppressed when compared with those in either vector or Col-mut PEDF. Our data indicate that PEDF inhibits tumor growth via its anti-angiogenic activity, and the collagen I-binding motif of PEDF is involved in the biological activity.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2005 9月 30|
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