Previously, we established a highly sensitive promoter-trapping vector system using the piggyBac transposon for the efficient isolation of reporter cells. Herein, we examine whether this screening system can be applied to obtain vitamin-responsive cells. As a result, one and two reporter cells that responded to bexarotene (vitamin A) and calcitriol (vitamin D), respectively, were isolated from 4.7 × 106 seeded HeLaS3 cells. 5′ RACE analyses identified the well-known CYP24A1 gene as a calcitriol-responsive gene, as well as two new bexarotene- or calcitriol-responsive genes, BDKRB2 and TSKU, respectively. TSKU, interestingly, also responded to bexarotene. Endogenous levels of the TSKU and BDKRB2 transcripts displayed only slight changes and were not detected in the comprehensive analyses performed to date. Dose–response analyses of BDKRB2 and TSKU reporter cells in parallel revealed a differential profile in response to each vitamin A agonist, suggesting a bioanalyzer. The present study demonstrates that producing multiple reporter cells by a type of random screening can efficiently identify novel genes with unusual characteristics and be used for the profiling of the properties of vitamin compounds. Similar approaches to the method shown here may be useful for identifying new markers and for the analysis or diagnosis of nutrients, toxins, metabolites, etc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ サイエンスの応用