Poly[(ω-carboxy)-oligo(oxyethylene)methacrylate] alkali metal salts (P(CMEnM)s) are synthesized as solid polymer electrolytes which can transfer only cations. The conductivity of a series of alkali metal ions such as Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+ is measured, and the results are summarized with the reduced temperature (T-Tg:Tg=glass transition temperature) to neutralize the effect of segmental motion on the relative conductivity. They show a linear relation between the logarithm of conductivity at T-Tg=60°C and the logarithm of radius of the carrier cations. The ion-dipole interaction is suggested to be the most effective factor to control the mobility in the solid polymer electrolytes. Cations having larger ionic radius such as Rb+ or Cs+ are suggested to have weaker interaction force with ether oxygens, reflecting the faster ion exchange between possible adjacent sites in the polymer matrix.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)