Long-Term Limitation Effects of Se(VI), Zn(II), and Ni(II) on Start-Up of the Anammox Process Using Gel Carrier

Kazuichi Isaka*, Daichi Sugawara, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Yuya Kimura, Toshifumi Osaka, Satoshi Tsuneda

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Anaerobic ammonia oxidation (anammox) bacteria are inhibited by heavy metals at high concentrations but require trace amounts of some heavy-metal elements for growth and activity maintenance. The present study evaluates the long-term limitation effects of Se(VI), Zn(II), and Ni(II) on the start-up period of an anammox reactor. To strictly limit the levels of heavy metals in the reactor, all tests used ultrapure water as the influent synthetic wastewater and all reactors were installed in a clean booth. The anammox biomass was maintained through the gel entrapment technique. In the absence of Se(VI) and Ni(II), the anammox reactor start-up was 18.9 kg-N (m3-carrier d)−1 (nitrogen conversion rate (NCR) per gel carriers), indicating that Se(VI) and Ni(II) are not required or need not be continuously added to maintain the anammox process. Under Zn(II) limitation, the anammox process failed to start-up and the NCR tended to decrease rapidly. After readdition of 0.005 mg L−1 of Zn(II), the NCR did not decline further and instead partially recovered at a very slow rate. The NCR was completely recovered after adding 0.020 mg L−1 of Zn(II). These results reveal that Zn(II) limitation seriously affects the start-up of the anammox process while Se(VI) and Ni(II) are not required or need not be continuously added to the anammox process.

本文言語English
論文番号851617
ジャーナルFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 3月 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 組織学
  • 生体医工学

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