Evaluation of unique catalysts of the iron group metals with activity in the OER region similar to that of scarce metals is of great importance to achieve sustainable production of H2 on a large scale. Herein, we report the unique nanosheets of nickel iron hydroxy carbonate hydrate (NiFeHCH) which were prepared through a wet-chemical route within 1 h of reaction time, acting as an efficient electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in both alkaline and near-neutral media. The NiFeHCH was prepared with different concentrations of Fe in different ratios: 1:0.2, 1:0.4, 1:0.6, 1:0.8, and 1:1. Among them, nanosheets of NiFeHCH (1:0.2) were found to have superior OER activity, which required an overpotential of 250 mV to reach 20 mA cm-2 with a very low Tafel slope value of 39 mV/decade in 1 M KOH. Nanosheets with other ratios also had comparable OER activity with overpotentials ranging from 256 to 290 mV with Tafel slope values from 39 to 49 mV/decade. Nanosheets of NiFeHCH electrocatalysts screened for the OER in 1 M NaHCO3 (pH ∼8.5) required overpotentials for all of the ratios ranging from 389 to 507 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and Tafel slope values from 155 to 205 mV/decade, of which nanosheets of NiFeHCH (1:0.4) showed better activity by requiring an overpotential of 389 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and Tafel slope value of 155 mV/decade. With these fruitful advantages, these prepared nanosheets of NiFeHCH can be a better alternative to scarce metals for industrial water electrolysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas