An alluaudite-type sodium iron sulfate has recently been discovered as a 3.8V cathode material for low-cost, high-power, and efficient sodium-ion batteries. To optimize the composition of the alluaudite phase and to explore further compounds, we have carefully surveyed the Na2SO4-FeSO4 binary system. Solid-state reactions at a moderate temperature of 623K produce two stable phases: 1)vanthoffite-structured Na6Fe(SO4)4 and 2)alluaudite-type Na2+2xFe2-x(SO4)3 with a certain non-stoichiometry. The possible compositional and structural flexibilities demonstrated in this work inspire further improvement of the alluaudite-type sodium metal sulfates for advanced sodium-ion batteries.
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