Oxidative removal of thallium(I) using Al beverage can waste with amendments of Fe: Tl speciation and removal mechanisms

Kai Yue Chen, Yu Min Tzou, Liang Ching Hsu, Jun Wei Guo, Yen Lin Cho, Heng Yi Teah, Yi Cheng Hsieh, Yu Ting Liu*


研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)


The emerging occurrence of thallium (Tl) in environments arouses the imposition of effective technology for its remediation. Due to the low solubility of Tl(III), the oxidation-precipitation of Tl(I) is considered as an promising removal method. Here, we recycled Al beverage can powder (AlCP) as the substitute for zero-valent Al to conduct the Fenton-like reaction for Tl(I) oxidation and subsequently induced the Tl(III) precipitation via the alkalinization at pH 9.5. The Tl(I) removal mechanisms in AlCP systems with amendments of Fe(III) or Fe(II) were determined in relation to its speciation for both dissolved and solid phases. Results showed that although additions of Fe(III)/Fe(II) prompted the Tl(I) oxidation as compared with the pure AlCP system, they were detrimental to the Tl removal upon the alkalinization. While the greatest removal efficiency was ~ 92% in AlCP/Fe(III)/Fe(II) systems, up to 99.8% of total Tl could be removed from the pure AlCP system. The Tl-XANES data indicated that although Tl(III) dominated the Tl inventory (92 – 95%) on all solids collected upon the alkalinization, it preferred to precipitate as stable Tl2O3 in pure AlCP system but as labile Tl(III) in AlCP/Fe(III)/Fe(II) systems, which might sorb on precipitated Al (hydr)oxides. Such sorbed Tl(III) is subject to reduction and the further dissolution, accounting for the lower removal efficiency for Tl in the presence of Fe(III)/Fe(II). This study corroborated the comparable Tl(I) removal efficiency of AlCP to that of state-of-the-art (nano)composites, providing a niche opportunity to give consideration to both interests in hazard remediation and the waste reduction/reuse.

ジャーナルChemical Engineering Journal
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 環境化学
  • 化学工学(全般)
  • 産業および生産工学


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