Population structure of indigenous inhabitants of Arabia

Katsuhiko Mineta, Kosuke Goto, Takashi Gojobori*, Fowzan S. Alkuraya*


研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)


Modern day Saudi Arabia occupies the majority of historical Arabia, which may have contributed to ancient waves of migration out of Africa. This ancient history has left a lasting imprint in the genetics of the region, including the diverse set of tribes that call Saudi Arabia their home. How these tribes relate to each other and to the world’s major populations remains an unanswered question. In an attempt to improve our understanding of the population structure of Saudi Arabia, we conducted genomic profiling of 957 unrelated individuals who self-identify with 28 large tribes in Saudi Arabia. Consistent with the tradition of intra-tribal unions, the subjects showed strong clustering along tribal lines with the distance between clusters correlating with their geographical proximities in Arabia. However, these individuals form a unique cluster when compared to the world’s major populations. The ancient origin of these tribal affiliations is supported by analyses that revealed little evidence of ancestral origin from within the 28 tribes. Our results disclose a granular map of population structure and have important implications for future genetic studies into Mendelian and common diseases in the region.

ジャーナルPLoS Genetics
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 1月 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生態、進化、行動および分類学
  • 分子生物学
  • 遺伝学
  • 遺伝学(臨床)
  • 癌研究


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