The purpose of this study was to determine whether the PRBS-VEP-determined temporal frequency characteristics (TFCs) of the visual pathways are useful for evaluating the properties of the visual system of glaucomatous patients. The VEPs elicited by pseudorandom stimulation (PRBS) with red LEDs were recorded from 26 eyes with primary open angle glaucoma and 11 age-matched normal eyes. The glaucomatous patients were divided into 3 groups according to the size and shape of their visual field defect; early (9), moderate (9), and severe (8). The cross-spectrum between the PRBS and PRBS-VEPs was used as the TFCs. The TFC of each glaucomatous group were compared to those of the normal controls. A depression of the TFC was found for the middle and high frequencies (18-28 Hz) in the moderate group, and the depression spread to lower frequencies (4-16 Hz) in the severe groups. The TFC values at 14-20 Hz were depressed in the moderate group and most frequencies were depressed significantly with the progression of glaucoma (p < 0.05). The sensitivity of the TFC at 18-20 Hz was 56%, 89% and 100% in the early, moderate and severe glaucoma groups, respectively, and the specificity was 82%. We conclude that the PRBS-determined TFC is altered in glaucomatous eyes, and the frequencies depressed were related to the degree of glaucoma. These findings indicate that the PRBS-determined TFC can be useful for evaluating visual function of glaucomatous eyes.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 1月|
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