An anion-exchange electrolyte membrane, QPAF(C6)-4, polymerized with hydrophobic 1,4′-bis(3-chlorophenyl)perfluorohexane and hydrophilic (6,6′-(2,7-dichloro-9H-fluorene-9.9-diyl)bis(N,N-dimethylhexan-1-amine) is physically flexible and chemically stable. The drawbacks are relatively large water swelling and lower OH-conductivity at higher water uptakes, which are considered to be due to the entanglement of the flexible hydrophobic structure of the membrane. In this study, a QPAF(C4)-4 membrane was newly synthesized with shortened hydrophobic fluoroalkyl chains. Unexpectedly, QPAF(C4)-4 showed a higher water uptake and a lower bulk/surface conductivity than QPAF(C6)-4 possibly due to the decrease in hydrophobicity with a smaller number of fluorine atoms. The thermal stability of QPAF(C4)-4 was higher than that of QAPF(C6)-4, possibly due to the rigidity of the QAPF(C4)-4 structure. A higher mechanical strength of QAPF(C6)-4 than that of QPAF(C4)-4 could be explained by the larger interactions between molecules, as shown in the ultraviolet-visible spectrum. The interactions of molecules were understood in more detail with density functional theory calculations. Both the chemical structures of the polymers and the arrangements of the polymers in the membranes were found to influence the membrane properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)