TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum estimation via sequential measurements

AU - Burgarth, Daniel

AU - Giovannetti, Vittorio

AU - Kato, Airi N.

AU - Yuasa, Kazuya

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

PY - 2015/11/27

Y1 - 2015/11/27

N2 - Theroblem of estimating aarameter of a quantum system through a series of measurementserformed sequentially on a quantumrobe is analyzed in the general setting where the underlying statistics is explicitly non-i.i.d. Weresent a generalization of the central limit theorem in theresent context, which under fairly general assumptions shows that as the number N of measurement data increases therobability distribution of functionals of the data (e.g., the average of the data) through which the targetarameter is estimated becomes asymptotically normal and independent of the initial state of therobe. At variance with therevious studies (Guţə M 2011 Phys. Rev. A 83 062324; van Horssen M and Guţə M 2015 J. Math. Phys. 56 022109) we take a diagrammatic approach, which allows one to compute not only the leading orders in N of the moments of the average of the data but also those of the correlations among subsequent measurement outcomes. Inarticular our analysisoints out that the latter, which are not available in usual i.i.d. data, can be exploited in order to improve the accuracy of thearameter estimation. An explicit application of our scheme is discussed by studying how the temperature of a thermal reservoir can be estimated via sequential measurements on a quantumrobe in contact with the reservoir.

AB - Theroblem of estimating aarameter of a quantum system through a series of measurementserformed sequentially on a quantumrobe is analyzed in the general setting where the underlying statistics is explicitly non-i.i.d. Weresent a generalization of the central limit theorem in theresent context, which under fairly general assumptions shows that as the number N of measurement data increases therobability distribution of functionals of the data (e.g., the average of the data) through which the targetarameter is estimated becomes asymptotically normal and independent of the initial state of therobe. At variance with therevious studies (Guţə M 2011 Phys. Rev. A 83 062324; van Horssen M and Guţə M 2015 J. Math. Phys. 56 022109) we take a diagrammatic approach, which allows one to compute not only the leading orders in N of the moments of the average of the data but also those of the correlations among subsequent measurement outcomes. Inarticular our analysisoints out that the latter, which are not available in usual i.i.d. data, can be exploited in order to improve the accuracy of thearameter estimation. An explicit application of our scheme is discussed by studying how the temperature of a thermal reservoir can be estimated via sequential measurements on a quantumrobe in contact with the reservoir.

KW - Fisher information

KW - asymptotic normality

KW - central limit theorem

KW - quantum ergodicity

KW - quantum estimation

KW - quantum information

KW - quantum metrology

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U2 - 10.1088/1367-2630/17/11/113055

DO - 10.1088/1367-2630/17/11/113055

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84951335712

SN - 1367-2630

VL - 17

JO - New Journal of Physics

JF - New Journal of Physics

IS - 11

M1 - 113055

ER -