We propose different fronthaul systems for facilitating future mobile networks based on the seamless convergence of fiber-optic and wireless systems in the millimeter-wave (mmWave) bands. First, a flexible and high-performance wireless fronthaul system is proposed through an encapsulation of radio signals onto a converged fiber-mmWave system. A simultaneous transmission of three radio signals over the system is successfully demonstrated. Second, a high-performance optical self-heterodyne system is proposed and demonstrated for the generation and transmission of radio access signals in high-frequency bands. Third, a high-spectral-efficiency optical fronthaul system for the simultaneous transmission of multiple radio signals in different frequency bands is proposed using a subcarrier-multiplexing intermediate-frequency-over-fiber system. Satisfactory performance is experimentally confirmed for the transmission of three different radio signals in the microwave and low- and high-mmWave bands. The proposed systems can overcome the challenges and bottlenecks of the current mobile fronthaul systems and can be useful in different usage scenarios of 5G and beyond networks.
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