We describe the use of solid-state magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy for characterizing the structure and dynamics of dark, inactive rhodopsin and the active metarhodopsin II intermediate. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy is well suited for structural measurements in both detergent micelles and membrane bilayer environments. We fi rst outline the methods for large-scale production of stable, functional rhodopsin containing 13 C- and 15 N-labeled amino acids. The expression methods make use of eukaryotic HEK293S cell lines that produce correctly folded, fully functional receptors. We subsequently describe the basic methods used for solid-state magic angle spinning NMR measurements of chemical shifts and dipolar couplings, which provide information on rhodopsin structure and dynamics, and describe the use of low-temperature methods to trap the active metarhodopsin II intermediate.
|ジャーナル||Methods in Molecular Biology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2015|
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