Electric railway vehicles require high electric power when powering and return high electric when regenerating. Therefore, the fall in vehicle performance due to a voltage drop and the restriction on regenerative power due to a load shortage become problems in a DC-electrified railway. Therefore, energy storage devices (ESDs) are mounted on vehicles to assist the power of powering and to absorb the power of regeneration. In recent years, various hybrid vehicles have been studied because the performance of ESDs has become good enough for them to be mounted on vehicles. Generally, the design of the controller is a complicated problem because the vehicle operates under various running conditions. In this paper, a simple controller for ESDs is designed in the frequency domain. This controller aims at smoothing the input power and at managing the ESD energy. The proposed controller is examined under various running conditions with numerical simulations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas