Stability of the early universe in bigravity theory

Katsuki Aoki, Kei Ichi Maeda, Ryo Namba

研究成果: Article査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)


We study the stability of a spherically symmetric perturbation around the flat Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker spacetime in the ghost-free bigravity theory, retaining nonlinearities of the helicity-0 mode of the massive graviton. It has been known that, when the graviton mass is smaller than the Hubble parameter, homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes suffer from the Higuchi-type ghost or the gradient instability against the linear perturbation in the bigravity. Hence, the bigravity theory has no healthy massless limit for cosmological solutions at linear level. In this paper we show that the instabilities can be resolved by taking into account nonlinear effects of the scalar graviton mode for an appropriate parameter space of coupling constants. The growth history in the bigravity can be restored to the result in general relativity in the early stage of the Universe, in which the Stückelberg fields are nonlinear and there is neither ghost nor gradient instability. Therefore, the bigravity theory has the healthy massless limit, and cosmology based on it is viable even when the graviton mass is smaller than the Hubble parameter.

ジャーナルPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 8月 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 物理学および天文学(その他)


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