Strain energy due to splitting forces as a basis for bonding criterion in wafer bonding

Y. Zimin*, T. Ueda


    研究成果: Article査読

    3 被引用数 (Scopus)


    Direct wafer bonding is an important technology in sensor manufacturing, but bonding strength between different materials is still in need of improvement due to thermally induced internal stresses. To estimate the negative influence of the internal stresses, a bonding criterion has been established that compares the surface energy, which dissipates as the bond is formed, to the specific strain energy, which is stored in bilayers structure due to internal stresses. In the literature, general practice assumes that the specific strain energy is the strain energy of pure bending. However, from the physical standpoint, the strain energy due to pure bending represents neither the total strain energy nor the strain energy due to the splitting forces. We have calculated the exact total strain energy of a curved bilayer and its two components: the strain energy due to the forces parallel and perpendicular to the interface. The strain energy of the forces perpendicular to the interface (splitting forces) has been proposed as the specific strain energy for the bonding criterion. The new specific strain energy strongly depends on the thickness ratio of the layers and can even equal zero at a certain thickness ratio called the point of equivalence. In turn, the point of equivalence does not depend on the total thickness of the bilayer structure. The point of equivalence, where internals stresses do not affect the bonding strength, was calculated for five structures: Si/Al2O3, Si/GaAs, Si/LiNbO3, Si/SiC, and Si/InP. The derived result has considerable importance for applications because it demonstrates how to avoid completely the negative influence of even strong internal stresses on the bonding strength.

    ジャーナルSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
    出版ステータスPublished - 2015 10月 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 電子工学および電気工学
    • 凝縮系物理学
    • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
    • 金属および合金
    • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
    • 器械工学


    「Strain energy due to splitting forces as a basis for bonding criterion in wafer bonding」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。