The superlattice structure of 2,5-dihydroxythiophenol (DHTP) irreversibly adsorbed on Au(111) in 0.1 M perchloric acid was determined in situ based on dual resonant, rotational anisotropy, second harmonic generation (RA-SHG) measurements. Plots of the intensity of the SH light as a function of the azimuthal angle displayed two clearly defined 3-fold pattern features. These curves were analyzed in terms of a model which regards the total interfacial nonlinear susceptibility as the sum of contributions due to the molecular overlayer itself and due to the attenuated substrate. A statistical fit to these data was found to be consistent with a (√7 × √7)R19.1° superstructure for the DHTP/Au(111) adlayer for which the surface coverage (θ) is 1/7. This value of θ was found to be in excellent agreement with that calculated from the normalized charge under the surface-confined two-electron hydroquinone/quinoane voltammetric peaks observed for the same precise DHTP/ Au(111) interface.
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