An increase in arterial stiffness with advance aging is a risk for cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular dysfunction is associated with the imbalance of adrenal cortex hormones, especially with the cortisol/dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAs) ratio. However, the impact of aerobic fitness on arterial stiffness and cortisol/DHEAs ratio is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between aerobic fitness, arterial stiffness, and cortisol/DHEAs ratio. A total of 198 middle-aged and older adults (aged 50–79 years old) participated in this study. The aerobic fitness evaluated by peak oxygen consumption (V• O2peak), carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) as an indicator of arterial stiffness, and serum cortisol and DHEAs and their ratio were measured. The subjects were divided into the lower (n = 100) and the higher (n = 98) aerobic fitness groups based on the median value of V• O2peak. There were no significant differences in serum cortisol and DHEAs concentration alone between the lower and higher fitness groups. However, the cortisol/DEHAs ratio and cfPWV in the higher fitness group was smaller than in the lower fitness group (p < 0.05). The cortisol/DHEAs ratio was significantly correlated with cfPWV (r = 0.159, p < 0.05). These findings suggest that the cortisol/DHEAs ratio is associated with aerobic fitness and arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older adults.
ASJC Scopus subject areas